CORIN-Asia collaborates with MRC for impact monitoring survey (28 April 2009)
THAILAND --- The Asian Coastal Resources Institute Foundation (CORIN-Asia) has cooperated with the Mekong River Commission (MRC) in undertaking a social impact monitoring and vulnerability assessment (SIM-VA) baseline survey in Thailand.
The baseline survey was undertaken for 20 days from December 2008 to April 2009 covering the provinces of Chiang Rai and Udon Thani. These two areas belong to the Lower Mekong Basin,(LMB) which are considered critical areas for management.
“SIM-VA is a practical tool that allows to us to determine how people in the area have managed to adapt to changes in the environment especially those whose livelihood depend heavily on water resources,” said Dr. Somsak Boromthanarat, Director of CORIN-Asia.
CORIN-Asia has applied the SIM-VA tool in Karaket, a municipality in Pak Phanang River Basin in Nakhon Sri Thammarat province. The tool is undertaken through field survey, focus group discussions, interview, and plotting the location of communities and their resources using GIS. The survey establishes social impact indicators that reflect current socio-economic conditions and the extent of people’s dependence on water resources. The relationship between these two determines people’s vulnerability to changes in water resources.
Accordingly, vulnerability assessment is used to provide information on how social vulnerability, particularly flood and livelihood vulnerability, relates to people’s dependence on water resources, including river goods and services. SIM, on the other hand, is used to monitor how changes in water resources might have impact on social vulnerability over time.
Results of the SIM-VA are used as input for planning and management of local governments, national agencies, international organizations and other institutions in providing appropriate programs and projects for vulnerable communities.
CORIN-Asia is a non-profit organization registered under Thailand law that works on coastal, wetlands and river basin management in the region utilizing community capacity development models and tools with various stakeholders.